LVREDUCESection: Maintenance Commands (8)
Updated: LVM TOOLS 2.03.11(2) (2021-01-08)
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NAMElvreduce - Reduce the size of a logical volume
SYNOPSISlvreduce option_args position_args
[ option_args ]
DESCRIPTIONlvreduce reduces the size of an LV. The freed logical extents are returned to the VG to be used by other LVs. A copy-on-write snapshot LV can also be reduced if less space is needed to hold COW blocks. Use lvconvert(8) to change the number of data images in a RAID or mirrored LV.
Be careful when reducing an LV's size, because data in the reduced area is lost. Ensure that any file system on the LV is resized before running lvreduce so that the removed extents are not in use by the file system.
Sizes will be rounded if necessary. For example, the LV size must be an exact number of extents, and the size of a striped segment must be a multiple of the number of stripes.
USAGElvreduce -L|--size [-]Size[m|UNIT] LV
[ -l|--extents [-]Number[PERCENT] ]
[ -A|--autobackup y|n ]
[ -f|--force ]
[ -n|--nofsck ]
[ -r|--resizefs ]
[ --noudevsync ]
[ --reportformat basic|json ]
[ COMMON_OPTIONS ]
Common options for lvm:
[ -d|--debug ]
[ -h|--help ]
[ -q|--quiet ]
[ -t|--test ]
[ -v|--verbose ]
[ -y|--yes ]
[ --commandprofile String ]
[ --config String ]
[ --driverloaded y|n ]
[ --lockopt String ]
[ --longhelp ]
[ --nolocking ]
[ --profile String ]
[ --version ]
- -A|--autobackup y|n
- Specifies if metadata should be backed up automatically after a change. Enabling this is strongly advised! See vgcfgbackup(8) for more information.
- --commandprofile String
- The command profile to use for command configuration. See lvm.conf(5) for more information about profiles.
- --config String
- Config settings for the command. These override lvm.conf settings. The String arg uses the same format as lvm.conf, or may use section/field syntax. See lvm.conf(5) for more information about config.
- -d|--debug ...
- Set debug level. Repeat from 1 to 6 times to increase the detail of messages sent to the log file and/or syslog (if configured).
- --driverloaded y|n
- If set to no, the command will not attempt to use device-mapper. For testing and debugging.
- -l|--extents [-]Number[PERCENT]
- Specifies the new size of the LV in logical extents. The --size and --extents options are alternate methods of specifying size. The total number of physical extents used will be greater when redundant data is needed for RAID levels. An alternate syntax allows the size to be determined indirectly as a percentage of the size of a related VG, LV, or set of PVs. The suffix %VG denotes the total size of the VG, the suffix %FREE the remaining free space in the VG, and the suffix %PVS the free space in the specified PVs. For a snapshot, the size can be expressed as a percentage of the total size of the origin LV with the suffix %ORIGIN (100%ORIGIN provides space for the whole origin). When expressed as a percentage, the size defines an upper limit for the number of logical extents in the new LV. The precise number of logical extents in the new LV is not determined until the command has completed. When the plus + or minus - prefix is used, the value is not an absolute size, but is relative and added or subtracted from the current size.
- -f|--force ...
- Override various checks, confirmations and protections. Use with extreme caution.
- Display help text.
- --lockopt String
- Used to pass options for special cases to lvmlockd. See lvmlockd(8) for more information.
- Display long help text.
- Do not perform fsck before resizing filesystem when filesystem requires it. You may need to use --force to proceed with this option.
- Disable locking.
- Disables udev synchronisation. The process will not wait for notification from udev. It will continue irrespective of any possible udev processing in the background. Only use this if udev is not running or has rules that ignore the devices LVM creates.
- --profile String
- An alias for --commandprofile or --metadataprofile, depending on the command.
- -q|--quiet ...
- Suppress output and log messages. Overrides --debug and --verbose. Repeat once to also suppress any prompts with answer 'no'.
- --reportformat basic|json
- Overrides current output format for reports which is defined globally by the report/output_format setting in lvm.conf. basic is the original format with columns and rows. If there is more than one report per command, each report is prefixed with the report name for identification. json produces report output in JSON format. See lvmreport(7) for more information.
- Resize underlying filesystem together with the LV using fsadm(8).
- -L|--size [-]Size[m|UNIT]
- Specifies the new size of the LV. The --size and --extents options are alternate methods of specifying size. The total number of physical extents used will be greater when redundant data is needed for RAID levels. When the plus + or minus - prefix is used, the value is not an absolute size, but is relative and added or subtracted from the current size.
- Run in test mode. Commands will not update metadata. This is implemented by disabling all metadata writing but nevertheless returning success to the calling function. This may lead to unusual error messages in multi-stage operations if a tool relies on reading back metadata it believes has changed but hasn't.
- -v|--verbose ...
- Set verbose level. Repeat from 1 to 4 times to increase the detail of messages sent to stdout and stderr.
- Display version information.
- Do not prompt for confirmation interactively but always assume the answer yes. Use with extreme caution. (For automatic no, see -qq.)
- Logical Volume name. See lvm(8) for valid names. An LV positional arg generally includes the VG name and LV name, e.g. VG/LV.
- See the option description for information about the string content.
- Size is an input number that accepts an optional unit. Input units are always treated as base two values, regardless of capitalization, e.g. 'k' and 'K' both refer to 1024. The default input unit is specified by letter, followed by |UNIT. UNIT represents other possible input units: bBsSkKmMgGtTpPeE. b|B is bytes, s|S is sectors of 512 bytes, k|K is KiB, m|M is MiB, g|G is GiB, t|T is TiB, p|P is PiB, e|E is EiB. (This should not be confused with the output control --units, where capital letters mean multiple of 1000.)
ENVIRONMENT VARIABLESSee lvm(8) for information about environment variables used by lvm. For example, LVM_VG_NAME can generally be substituted for a required VG parameter.
vgcfgbackup(8) vgcfgrestore(8) vgchange(8) vgck(8) vgcreate(8) vgconvert(8) vgdisplay(8) vgexport(8) vgextend(8) vgimport(8) vgimportclone(8) vgmerge(8) vgmknodes(8) vgreduce(8) vgremove(8) vgrename(8) vgs(8) vgscan(8) vgsplit(8)
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